One and One Is Four: The Bauhaus Photocollages of Josef Albers
Introduction by Sarah Hermanson Meister. Texts by Elizabeth Otto, Lee Ann Daffner
Josef Albers is widely recognized as a crucial figure in 20th-century art, both as an independent practitioner and as a teacher at the Bauhaus, Black Mountain College, and Yale University. Albers made paintings, drawings, and prints and designed furniture and typography. Arguably the least familiar aspect of his extraordinary career was his inventive engagement with photography, only widely known after his death, including his production of approximately 70 photocollages that feature photographs he made at the Bauhaus between 1928 and 1932. These works anticipate concerns that he would pursue throughout his career—the effects of adjacency, the exploration of color through white, black, and gray, and the delicate balance between handcraft and industrial and mechanical form.
Albers’s photographs were first shown at MoMA in a modest exhibition in 1987, when the Museum acquired two photocollages. In 2015 the Museum acquired ten additional photocollages, making its collection the most substantial anywhere outside the Albers Foundation. This publication reproduces each of the photocollages Albers made at the Bauhaus, presenting the scope of this achievement for the first time. An introductory essay by Sarah Hermanson Meister situates them within the contexts of modernist photography, the Bauhaus ethos, and of Albers’s own practice.
Publisher: The Museum of Modern Art
Artists: Josef Albers
Contributors: Sarah Hermanson Meister, Elizabeth Otto, Lee Ann Daffner
Publication Date: 2016
Dimensions: 9 1/2 x 12 in (24.1 x 30.5 cm)
Reproductions: 100 color
Retail: $50 | £35
Josef Albers (1888–1976) is considered one of the foremost abstract painters, as well as an important designer and educator noted for his rigorously experimental approach to spatial relationships and color theory. Born in Bottrop, Germany, Albers studied at the Weimar Bauhaus, later joining the school’s faculty in 1922. In 1933, he and Anni Albers emigrated to North Carolina, where they founded the art department at Black Mountain College. During this time, Albers began to show his work extensively within the United States. In 1950, the Alberses moved to New Haven, Connecticut, where Josef was invited to direct the newly formed Department of Design at Yale University School of Art. Albers retired from teaching in 1958, just prior to the publication of his important Interaction of Color (1963), which was reissued in two volumes in 2013. Albers became the first living artist to be the subject of a solo exhibition at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, in 1971.
All Josef Albers books